At the start of 1848, a carpenter known as James Marshall ended up being taking care of building a sawmill near Sacramento, Ca as he discovered silver. Although he along with his company attempted to keep carefully the development peaceful, news began to distribute. Sam Brannan, a shop owner in nearby bay area, seemed to profit, maybe not by mining but by offering gear to prospectors. He initially announced the fantastic gold hope in the roads after which he sent magazines east. Initial reports round the country had been greeted by skepticism. But, in December, President Polk confirmed the abundance of silver in Ca.